A common yet largely preventable disease–Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth.
Periodontitis is usually the result of poor oral hygiene that daily brushing, flossing and regular dental cleanings could have prevented. At Perfect Smile in Adelaide we can perform periodontal treatment to stabilize this condition to ensure the health of your gums, teeth and overall health.
What causes gum disease?
Our mouths are full of bacteria. Overtime, if bacteria are not removed from the teeth and guns, they can multiply, causing an excess build-up of sticky, colourless “plaque” on teeth. The longer plaque is left on the teeth it will transform into “tartar” or “calculus” that can only be removed by a dentist or hygienist with a professional clean.
However, if left untreated, you are leaving yourself susceptible to gum infection known as gingivitis and in severe cases can lead to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). The bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed and may eventually become loose and have to be removed. However, all this can be avoided with periodontal treatment.
Symptoms of gum disease
Gum disease symptoms may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease such as periodontitis. However; warning signs of gum disease may include any of the following:
- Red, swollen or tender gums or other pain in your mouth
- Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Control infection and remove bacteria
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection with laser bacterial reduction and to remove the plaque through deep cleaning known as scaling and root planning. Scaling involves scraping off the tartar/calculus from above and below the gum line. Root planning get rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease. This is called laser assisted periodontal therapy.
Periodontal treatment aims to:
- Remove the irritants that may be associated with the active destructive phase of the disease.
- Maintain your gum tissues in the inactive state.
- Advise you about how to keep your gums as healthy as possible.
After-treatment care at home
The success of periodontal treatment is largely due to the effort you as an individual make to remove the daily build-up of plaque from your teeth and gums. To prevent and help heal inflamed gums, it is essential to control plaque build-up. For this reason, we strongly advice following a consistent oral care regime at home following your treatment to keep your gums clean and healthy for the long term.
The mouth is the gateway for all diseases
Studies show that oral hygiene has been linked to various forms of systemic conditions such as cancer, stroke, heart failure, heart attack an obesity. The two primary causes are plaque and inflammation. Periodontitis which is an inflammatory infection of the gums, has been linked to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and premature births. If you are diabetic, a mouth infection can disrupt your blood-sugar levels and make your diabetes harder to manage.